Pakistan came into being on 14 August 1947. It is the only country of the world which is found on strong ideological basis. The ideology of Pakistan is based on Islamic principles and it is therefore known as the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, located in South Asian region. Population wise, it is the fifth most populous country in the world. Pakistan has a rich multiplicity of landscapes and passes. Furthermore, it has rich cultural and ethnic diversity. It has the most diverse population residing in it.
People here speak many different languages. However, it has its roots into the remote past. Its establishment was the zenith of the struggle by Muslims of the South-Asian subcontinent for a separate homeland of their own. Its basis was laid when Muhammad bin Qasim subdued Sindh in 711 A.D. as a retaliation against sea pirates that had taken refuge in Raja Dahir’s kingdom. The advent of Islam further strengthened the historical distinctiveness in the areas now constituting Pakistan and further beyond its boundaries. Therefore, as a whole Pakistan is a country, located in the heart of South Asia and has a strong historical past.
History of Pakistan: A Brief Timeline
Pakistan has a strong history, which dates back to the annexation of Muhammad Bin Qasim in 712 AD. However, the real struggle behind the formation of Pakistan was started after the East India Company came to the Sub-continent in 1600 followed by the War of Independence in 1857. The brief timeline of all the events that lead to the formation of Pakistan on pure ideological basis of Islam is below:
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- War of Independence started on 10th May, 1857 at Meerut.
- Government of India Act 2nd August 1858.
- Queen’s proclamation issued on 1st Nov 1858 – Queen Victoria took over India’s administration from BEIC
- Anjuman-e-Islamia Punjab was created for the resurgence of Islam
- Sir Syed Ahmed Khan set up Gulshan School at Muradabad
- Sir Syed started Victoria School at Ghazipur. He also set up a translation society, later called scientific society
- Urdu-Hindi controversy was started in Banaras, UP
- Sir Syed established MAO High School at Aligarh. It was upgraded to MAO College in 1877 and to university in 1920.
- Arya Samaj was established on 7th April 1875 by Swami Dayanand Saraswati. He also initiated Shudhi movement for the conversion of Muslims and Cow Protection Society in 1882.
- Quaid was born on 25th December 1876 in Wazir Mansion Karachi. Jinnah was a Khoja by origin. His mother tongue was Gujrati. He went to London and got a law degree at 18 from Lincoln Inn.
- Lord Lytton laid the foundation of the Mohammadan Anglo Oriental College MAO College on January 8, 1877.
- Allama Iqbal was born on 9th Nov 1877.
- Anjuman-i-Hamayat-Islam was established by Khalifa Hamid-ud-Din
- Indian National Congress was founded by Allan Octavian Hume
- Sindh Madrassat-ul-Islam was established by Hassan Ali Afandi inaugration by Lord Duffern.
- Sir Syed Ahmed Khan established Muhammadan Educational Conference in 1886.
- In December 1887 a Bombay Muslim Badruddin Tyebji presided the 3rd session of the Indian National Congress.
- Partition of the Bengal took place on 16th Oct 1905 – East Bengal and Assam formed
- All India Muslim League formed on 30th Dec 1906 by Nawab Saleem Ullah Khan at Dhaka.
- Muslim League’s main agendas:
- Equitable share in politics
- Constitutional rights safeguards
- Autonomy in Muslim-majority areas
- Independent state (divide and quit India)
- Simla Deputation comprising 35 Muslim leaders led by Sir Aga Khan III met Viceroy Lord Minto. Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulak prepared the points.
- Quaid-e-Azam became the member of Legislative Council from Bombay in 1906.
- First session of AIML held at Karachi presided by Adam Je Pir Bhai.
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- AIML Bengal branch was founded in 1909.
- Minto Morley reforms took place – also known as Indian Councils Act.
- The most important change brought about by Minto Morley Reforms (in 1909) was Separate Electorate
- Partition of Bengal annulled by Lord Hoarding
- Quaid joined AIML on request of M Ali Johar.
- Muslim League claimed self-rule principle in 1913.
- Kaanpur mosque tragedy took place (Muslims protesting against a demolished mosque were killed by police)
- Jinnah was the architect of Lucknow Pact (it demanded separate electorates, provincial autonomy, 1/3rd share of Muslims in central government, safeguards in legislation for Muslims)
- Qaid e Azam met Gandhi 1st time in 1916 in Lucknow
- After Lucknow Pact, Quaid was given the title of ‘the ambassador of hindu-muslim unity’ by Mrs. Sarojini Naidu
- Rowlatt Act was passed by Sir Sydney Rowlatt, for extending the emergency measures of precautionary indefinite detention, incarceration without trial and judicial review
- Montague-Chelmsford reforms/ law introduced to form self-governing institutions in 1919
- Jalianwala Bagh massacre took place by General Reginald Dyer in Amritsar, Punjab, on 13th Apr 1919.
- All India Central Khilafat Committee was made on 23rd Sep 1919 by Johar brothers.
- Non-cooperation Movement was initiated during the days of Khilafat Movement.
- Gandhi announced the termination of Khilafat Movement
- Shuddi & Sangathan movement was started at end of Khilafat movement.
- Migration Movement (1920) 1800 Muslims migrated.
- Khilafat Delegation met Lord Chelmsford in 1920.
- Jinnah left Congress in 1920
- Moplah Uprising in Malabar district in Kerala. The Moplah Muslim farmers attacked the Hindu landowners and the British government officials. British army was called in to suppress the tensions. A number of Moplahs were killed and also choked in a railway wagon whilst being transported to prison in Wagon Tragedy.
- Gandhi initiated Non-Cooperation Movement
- Tragedy of Chora Churi (police killed protestors of non-cooperation movement) took place.
- Delhi proposals took place to bridge the gulf between the Muslims League and Congress so that they could present common demands before the British
- Simon commission took place – a group of 7 MPs from Britain who was sent to India to study constitutional developments and make recommendations to the government. It was led by Sir John Simon.
- On the advent of Simon Commission Muslim League was Split into two groups, one was led by Sir Muhammad Shafee and the other was led by Quaid e Azam.
- Nehru Report was presented (joint electorate, no provincial autonomy)
- Nehru Report was an answer to the challenge given by Lord Birkenhead
- Nehru Report accepted the demand a separate province for North-West Frontier and Sindh
- Quaid e Azam presented 14 points on 28 Mar 1929 in Delhi
- Allahabad Address was given by Iqbal
- Kashmiris started freedom movement against Dogra rule
- 1st round table conference took place in London where all parties were present except Congress.
- Federal form of Government of India was proposed by British in First Round Table Conference
- Second round table conference took place in which Gandhi also participated. Key concerns for discussion were Federation and minorities in the Sub-Continent.
- Third round table conference held
- Chaudhary Rahmat Ali proposed name of Pakistan in ‘Now or Never: Are we to live or perish forever on 28 Jan 1933 in London.
- Quaid-e-Azam became the permanent president of Muslim League in 1934
- Government of India Act 1935 promulgated on 14 Aug 1935
- According to Government of India Act of 1935:
- Federal Assembly has 375 seats and Counsel of state has 260 seats.
- Only 14% of population can cast vote (in Government of India Act of 1919 only 3% of Population).
- Sindh was separated from Bombay via India Act of 1935.
- Congress ministries were formed (exclusion of Muslims, replacement of Urdu, Hindi symbols)
- Sikander-Jinnah Pact in 1937 (Sikander Hayat was CM of Punjab)
- Fatima Jinnah Joined All Indian Muslim League
- Allama Iqbal met his demise on 21 Apr 1938
- Muhammad Ali Jinnah was awarded with the title of the Quaid-i-Azam
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- Muslims celebrated day of deliverance on 22 Dec 1939 on resignation of Congress ministries.
- Fatima Jinnah joined Muslim League in 1939
- Pakistan Resolution was presented at 27th annual session of AIML on 23rd March, 1940
- It was written by M Zafarullah khan and presented by Molvi AK Fazlul Haq.
- MK Gandhi started Satyagraha movement
- Cripps Mission published its report. It was a failed attempt on 30 March 1942 by the British government
- The main focus of Cripps Mission was on Creation of new Dominion
- Quit India movement started by Muslims on 8 Aug 1942
- Dawn, the Muslim League newspaper was started, which was founded by M. Ali Jinnah
- AIML established its first ever government in Sindh
- Lord Wavell became the Viceroy
- Gandhi-Jinnah talks remained futile due to two nation theory
- Simla Delegation met Lord Wavell at Simla for self-rule of India.
- In 1945, Lord Wavell proposed the formation of an interim government consisting of the political parties of United India.
- Elections held in 1946.
- In 1946, Quaid-e-Azam decided to join Interim government in India.
- In interim government Muslim League was given the portfolios of Finance & Liaquat Ali became the Finance Minister. Liaqat Ali Khan Presented poor man’s budget
- Election to the First Constituent Assembly of Pakistan were held in 1946
- Cabinet Mission members were: Lord Pathic Lawrence (Sec of State for India), Sir Stafford Cripps (The President of the Board of Trade), A V Alexander
- A.V Alexander, announced their plan on 16 May 1946
- It was the last struggle to preserve unity of empire; proposed division into 3 autonomous zones, with center having foreign affairs, defense, communications. Muslim League first accepted Cabinet Mission but then rejected after Nehru implied that Congress could change it at whim
- In Cabinet Mission plan total portfolios were 16
- Congress was awarded 6 portfolios out of 16
- 5 portfolios were given to Muslim League
- 3 portfolios were reserved for minorities
- M.K Gandhi refused membership from Congress
- Mountbatten came to India in March 1947 (replacing Lord Wavell). Mountbatten was an officer in British Navy. The last viceroy of united India was Lord Mount Batten
- The only Indian on the Viceroy Lord Mountbatten staff was VP Menon
- Lord Mountbatten is said to be the close friend of Nehru
- Mountbatten desired to become the joint Governor General of India and Pakistan
- Shahi Jirga decided, at the time of partition, the fate of Baluchistan
- The fate of NWFP was decided through referendum.
- Partition Plan was announced on 3 June 1947 (self-determination/ referenda in NWFP and Sylhet, division of 3 provinces in just 72 days)
- Pakistan Fund was formed Quaid in June 1947
- Sindh assembly passed the resolution for the formation of Pakistan firstly on 26 June 1947.
- British parliament passed Indian Independence Bill on 18 July 1947 (was enforced on 15 August 1947)
- Pakistan’s first Constituent Assembly constituted on 20 July 1947. There were total 69 members, later increased to 79 with one female
- Quaid-e-Azam spoke to the Constituent Assembly for the first time on 11 Aug 1947
- The Chief Minister of NWFP rejected to salute the Pakistani flag in 1947.
- Finally, Pakistan came into being on 14 Aug 1947
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Population of Pakistan
Pakistan is the fifth largest populated country in the world. It has around 225 million population. It is located in Asian region where more than 50% of world’s population resides, particularly in South Asia which is 4th largest populated region in the world. Lahore is the most populated city of Pakistan and Baluchistan is the least populated. Population of Pakistan is burgeoning at an unprecedented rate. The city wise data about the population of Pakistan was released by UN World Population Prospect 2018. This data is given below:
|17||Rahim Yar Khan||13,151||2.83|
At the time of partition, the population of Pakistan was around 33 million. However, since its inception the population of Pakistan has been rising and if not controlled, it can lead to catastrophe for people living in this holy land. Therefore, the population growth since the inception of Pakistan till now is shown below in the table:
|Year||Population (In millions)|
As per population experts, if population of Pakistan will continue to grow at same growth rate, the population of Pakistan would be greater than that of China, which is the most populated country of the world by the year 2035. Pakistan is a developing country and it needs to bring down its population growth to prosper as it has been hampering its progress.
Currently, the main reasons behind drastically increasing population growth in Pakistan are as below:
- Warm climatic conditions leading to early puberty in females
- Early marriages / Child Marriages
- Joint family systems
- Polygamy (more than one marriage)
- Lack of recreational facilities
- Misinterpretation of religion and the belief that God is ‘Raziq’ (the belief that every child brings its food with him/her)
- Love for male child issues (couple going for more babies)
- Illiteracy, people think that more children mean more working hands
- Lack of awareness among people regarding contraceptives and sexual health
Religions in Pakistan
Pakistan came into being on purely ideological basis. The main reason behind Pakistan’s creation was religious freedom. Pakistan is purely a Muslim majority country and Pakistan’s state religion is Islam. Over 96% of Pakistanis are Muslim out of total population of 225 million. Islam is declared state religion in the constitution of Pakistan. Freedom of religion is also guaranteed by the Pakistani Constitution, which guarantees equal rights irrespective of religion, a fundamental right of Pakistani citizens.
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The constitution also states that all laws, as postulated in the Quran and Sunnah, must comply with Islamic rulings. Furthermore, only a Muslim can be president or prime minister. After Islam, Hinduism is the second largest religion in Pakistan and Christianity is the third largest religion in Pakistan. When Pakistan was created, there were large number of minorities living in different areas of Pakistan. Many of them migrated to India. However, large number of minorities still have their abode in Pakistan. These minorities have other religions in Pakistan, including Qadiyani, Bahai, Sikhism, Parsis, Buddhism, Kalash, Jainism, Judaism and No Religion. Muslims, Hindus, Christians, Qadiyani, Sikhs, Parsis, Kalash, Jains, Buddhists, Atheists and Jews living in Pakistan.
Therefore, Pakistan is a country having rich religious diversity. Most of the population living here are Muslims. Though, there are many other minorities living here as well. According to the 2017 Census, Muslims make up 96.2 percent of Pakistan’s total population, Hindus 1.6 percent, Christians 1.59 percent, Scheduled Castes 0.25 percent, Ahmadis 0.22 percent, and other minorities 0.07 percent.
|Religion||Percent in Population|
Nearly all people in Pakistan are Muslim or at least follow Islamic traditions and Islamic ideals and practices. Pakistan has the second largest population of Muslims in the world after Indonesia. Most Pakistani Muslims belong to the main sect of Islam, the Sunni sect. There are also a large number of Shia Muslims residing in Pakistan. Most of Pakistan’s Sunnis belong to the Ḥanafiyyah (Hanafi) school, which is one of his four major schools or subsects of Islamic jurisprudence. Most of Pakistan’s Shi’ites belong to the 12 Ithna Asharia branches.
Prime Ministers of Pakistan
|Sr. No.||Prime Minister||Tenure Served||Facts|
|1.||Liaquat Ali Khan||(1947-1951)||Pakistan’s First Prime Minister was Mr. Liaquat Ali Khan. He stepped into office as PM exactly from 14th of August 1947 till 16th of October 1951. He was elected as a result of election held on the principles of democracy. Political Party: Muslim League. His Total duration as a Prime Minister was 4 Years, 2 Months, and 2 Days. He was assassinated in the Liaquat Bagh during a political Jalsa in Rawalpindi. Someone shot him dead while he was addressing a political jalsa.|
|2.||Sir Khwaja Nazimmuddin||(1951-1953)||After the unfortunate death of Prime Mister late Mr. Liaquat Ali Khan, Sir Khwaja Nazimuddin took over the office. He took oath for the Office of president on 17th October 1951; and as Prime Minister till 17th April 1953 for the period of exactly 2 years. After this, the Governor-General dissolved the government. He was also democratically elected and belonged to Muslim League political party.|
|3.||Mohammad Ali Bogra||(1953-1955)||Mr. Muhammad Ali Bogra was from Muslim league. His waa democratically elected. He remained Prime Minister of Pakistan for 2 Years, 2 Months, 26 Days from 17 April 1953 to 12 August 1955. He stepped down as PM because the then Governor-General dismissed the government|
|4.||Chaudhry Mohammad Ali||(1955-1956)||He was the 4th PM Mohammad Ali Bogra. He entered the Office as P.M on 12.8.1955 and enjoyed the same till 12.11.1956. He resigned from this office. His tenure was of 1 year and 1 month period. He also belonged to the Muslim League political party and was elected democratically.|
|5.||Husain Shaheed Suharwardy||(1956-1957)||After Chaudhry Mohammad Ali, Husain shaheed Suharwardy became PM of Pakistan. He was from Awami League party. He was also the production of elections held on the basis of democracy. He bore the status of Prime Minister of Pakistan from 12 September 1956 to 17 October 1957 for the duration of 1 Year, 1 Month, and 5 Days. He also resigned from this office.|
|6.||Ibraheem Ismaeel Chundigar||(1957-1958)||Ibraheem Ismaeel Chudrigar was next PM of Pakistan. He took charge of office on 17 October 1957 and left it on 16 December 1957. He remained as PM for a brief period of 1 Month and 29 days. He was also a Muslim league and was elected democratically. He was removed due to a vote of no confidence.|
|7.||Sir Feroz Khan Noon||(1957-1958)||Sir Feroz Khan Noon belonged to the Republican Party. He took seat of PM on 16 December 1957 and stayed in there till 7 October 1958. He was democratically elected. He stayed as Prime Minister for the duration of 9 Months and 21 Days. He left the office due to the abolishment of the seat of Prime Minister.|
|8.||Noor ul Ameen||(1971)||He was the shortest-serving Prime Minister in the History of Pakistan He served during the 1971 Bangladesh-Pakistan War. He took the resumed office of Prime Minister on the 7th of December 1971 and possessed it till the 20th of December, 1971. He was elected democratically. He was from Pakistan Muslim League.|
|9.||Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto||(1973-1977)||Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto brought the 1973 Constitution of Pakistan. All Prime Ministers came after the 14th of August 1947, under the same Constitution. He himself was sworn as a first Prime under this Constitution as a first Prime Minister on August 1973, after democratic elections. He belonged to Pakistan Peoples Party. The seat was once again abolished on 5 July 1977 and he had to leave the office. His total tenure as PM was 3 Years, 10 Months, and 21 days. The post was abolished due to the Martial Law declaration after the coup of General Zia ul Haq. The post was abolished for 7 Years, 8 Months, and 19 Days. It was the tenure from 1977 to 1985.|
|10.||Mohammad Khan Junejo||(1985-1988)||He became PM in March 1985 and left it on 29 May 1988. His was elected through democratic elections. He was an independent candidate when he took part in the elections. Afterward, he became member of the Pakistan Muslim League political party. His total time period on the post was 3 Years, 2 Months, and 5 Days. The post was once again abolished on 29 May 1988 and remained abolished till 2 December 1988. The post remained abolished for almost 6 Months and 3 Days.|
|11.||Benazir Bhutto||(1988-1990)||She was the first ever women Prime Minister in the Islamic World. She owed the office of Prime Minister twice. During her 1st term, she became Prime Minister on 2nd December 1988. She stayed as PM of Pakistan till 6 August 1990. She was democratically elected from Peoples Party. She was the daughter of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. The total time of her first term as Prime Minister was 1 Year, 8 Months, and 4 Days. She was removed from seat by President Ghulam Ishaque Khan.|
|12.||Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi (Caretaker)||(1990)||Ghulam Mustafa was the caretaker Prime Minister. He replaced office after Benazir Bhutto on 6 August 1990. He left seat on 6 November 1990. He was not affiliated with any political party. He stayed as Acting Prime Minister for 3 Months.|
|13.||Mohammad Nawaz Sharif||(1990-1993)||Mohammad Nawaz Shareef won from the back of the Pakistan Muslim League (N) and support of Islami Jamhoori Ittihad which was changed later on. He changed Pakistan Muslim League into Pakistan Muslim League (N). He enjoyed more terms but for the first time, he became Prime Minister on 6 November 1990 and remains on the post till 18 April 1993. His first duration as Prime Minister is increased to the time period of 2 Years, 5 Months, and 12 Days. He was dismissed as PM by President Ghulam Ishaque Khan.|
|14.||Balakh Sher Mazari (Caretaker)||(1993)||Balkh Sher Mazari was the Caretaker/Acting Prime Minister for the time period of 1 Month and 8 Days. He joined the office on 18 April 1993 and left office on 26 May 1993. He was not affiliated to any political party|
|15.||Mian Muhammad Nawaz||(1993)||Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif again took the status of prime minister on 26th May 1993. He stayed as a prime minister for 2 months and he quit on 8th August 1993.|
|16.||Mr. Moin Qureshi (Caretaker)||(1993)||After Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif, Mr. Moin Qureshi took seat as a Caretaker to do his duty and perform the responsibilities of a prime minister on 8th August 1993. He remained until the next election and the prime minister was selected. He left the office on 19 October 1993.|
|17.||Benazir Bhutto||(1993-1996)||She again took the office on 19 October 1993 after the elections. She was again dismissed by President Farooq Laghari on 5 November 1996. The tenure of her second term was 3 Years and 17 Days.|
|18.||Malik Meraj Khalid (Caretaker)||(1996-1997)||He joined the caretaker Government as Caretaker P.M from 5 November 1996 to 17 February 1997. He belonged to no political party the same as all other caretakers Prime Ministers. He remained at his status for 3 Months and 12 Days.|
|19.||Mian Muhammad Nawaz Sharif||(1997-1999)||Mohammad Nawaz Shareef again took Oath as a Prime Minister on the 17th of February 1997 and was continuing the office till 12 October 1999. The total time of his 3rd term was 2 Years, 7 Months, and 23 Days. The post was once again Abolished from 12 October 1999 to 20 November 2002 for 3 Years, 1 Month, and 8 Days.|
|20.||Zafarullah Khan Jamali||(2002-2004)||Nawaz Shareef was succeeded by Zafarullah Khan Jamali on 21 November 2002 and he left on 26 June 2004. He was appointed by the then President of Pakistan. He came from the political party of Pakistan Muslim League (Q). His total time period as the Prime Minister was 1 Year, 7 Months, and 5 Days.|
|21.||Chaudhary Shujat Hussain||(2004)||He took office on 30 June 2004 and vacated the same for his successor on 20 August 2004. He was democratically elected PM He again belonged to Pakistan Muslim League (Q) party He stayed as Premier for the duration of 1 Month and 21 Days.|
|22.||Shaukat Aziz||(2004-2007)||Pakistan Muslim League (Q) elected Shaukat Aziz as the next president who remained for the duration of 3 Years, 2 Months, and 27 Days from 20 August 2004 to 16 November 2007. |
He was the first ever Prime Minister who stepped down from his post because his government has completed its Parliamentary tenure.
|23.||Muhammad Mian Somro (Caretaker)||(2007-2008)||He was the acting Prime Minister of the Caretaker Government from 16 November 2007 to 25 March 2008. He belonged to Pakistan Muslim League (Q) political party. His total duration was 4 Months and 9 Days.|
|24.||Yousaf Raza Gilani||(2008-2012)||The next person elected Prime Minister was Syed Yousaf Raza Gillani. His time in office was of 4 Years, 2 Months, and 25 Days from 25 March 2008 – to 19 June 2012. He belonged to Pakistan Peoples Party which was a governing party Supreme Court disqualified him on the charges of contempt of court. He was the longest-serving PM of Pakistan. Before him, this status was enjoyed by P/M Liaquat Ali Khan who stayed in the office of P.M for 4 Years, 2 Months, and 2 Days.|
|25.||Raja Pervez Ashraf||(2013)||He took seat of the disqualified Prime Minister of his Party. He got into the office on 22 June 2012 and left the office with the expiring date of the parliamentary government of the Pakistan Peoples Party on 25 March 2013. He stayed on seat for the duration of 9 Months and 3 Days.|
|26.||Meer Hazar Khan Khoso (Caretaker)||(2013)||The next caretaker P.M was Meer Hazaar Khan Khoso. He got into the office on 25 March 2013 and left on 4 June 2013. He doesn’t belong to any political party. His total duration in the office was 2 Months and 10 Days.|
|27.||Mohammad Nawaz Sharif||(2013-2017)||This time he was the elected Prime Minister from Governing Party Muslim League (N). He sworn in as P.M on 5 June 2013 and was disqualified by Supreme Court on 28 July 2017 on the charges of Money Laundering. This time his serving time was 4 years, 1 month, and 23 days.|
|28.||Shahid Khaqan Abbasi||(2017-18)||He completed the parliamentary term for the PMLN. He took the office on 1 August 2017 and remained there till the caretaker government took charge. He is from the Muslim League (N). He stayed as a caretaker P.M for a brief time.|
|29.||Nasir-ul-Mulk (Caretaker)||2018||The next caretaker P.M was Retired Justice Nasir UL Mulk. He stayed in the office from 1st June 2018 to the 18th of August 2018.|
|30.||Imran Khan||(2018-22)||His party won the general elections in 2018. He was from Tehreek e Insaf party. He sworn in the office on 18th August 2018. Khan’s Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf party lost the support of coalition allies, denying a majority he required to defeat a no-confidence vote. He left the seat of presidency on 10th April 2022.|
|31.||Mian Shahbaz Sharif||(2022 to date)||Shahbaz Sharif is the current elected prime minister by parliament following the removal of Imran Kahn in a no-confidence vote on 11th April 2022.|
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List of Presidents of Pakistan
Until now Pakistan’s history has seen 13 presidents in total. The list of all of these presidents has been given below:
|01.||Major General (R) Iskandar Mirza||23-03-1956||27-10-1958||He was born in 1899 in Murshidabad. He emerged winner in the presidential election of 1956 and won the seat of President on 23 March 1956. Mirza belonged to a Republican party. He remained the president of Pakistan till 27 October 1958. He died in 1969 in London.|
|02.||Muhammad Ayub Khan||27-10-1958||25-03-1969||Ayub Khan was born in 1907 in Rehana. He became President of Pakistan after Martial Law by Iskander Mirza, who was later deposed by Gen. Ayub Khan and became President of Pakistan on 27 October 1958 and remained in office till 8 June 1962. After it again became President on 8 June 1962 till 29 November 1963 as part of the Pakistan Muslim League (C). He died in 1974 in Islamabad.|
|03.||General Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan||25-03-1969||20-12-1971||He was born in 1917 in Chakwal. Gen. Yahya Khan became President of Pakistan on 25 March 1969. He left the office of President on 20 December 1971 and died in 1980 in Rawalpindi.|
|04.||Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto||20-12-1971||13-08-1973||Bhutto was born in 1928 in Ratodera and won elections on 20 December 1971 on behalf of Pakistan Peoples Party. He was elected President of Pakistan from 20 December 1971 till 13 August 1973. He was died in 1979 in Rawalpindi.|
|05.||Fazal Elahi Chaudhry||14-08-1973||16-09-1978||He was born in 1904 in Kharian. He won elections and was elected as President of Pakistan from 14 August 1973 till 20 April 1978.|
|06.||General Zia Ul Haq||16-09-1978||17-08-1988||He was born in 1924 in Jalandhar and became President of Pakistan on 16 September 1978 on behalf of the Army of Pakistan due to Martial law. He died in 1988 in Bahawalpur in a plane crash.|
|07.||Ghulam Ishaq Khan||17-08-1988||18-07-1993||He was born in 1915 in Ismail Khel. He was elected as President of Pakistan from 17 August 1988 till 18 July 1993. Ishaq Khan won elections as an Independent member. And died in 2006 in Peshawar|
|08.||Sardar Farooq Ahmad Khan Leghari||14-11-1993||02-12-1997||He was born in 1940 in Choti Zareen and became President of Pakistan on 14 November 1993 till 2 December 1997 on behalf of the Pakistan Peoples Party. And died in 2010 in Rawalpindi.|
|09.||Justice (R) Muhammad Rafiq Tarar||01-01-1998||20-06-2001||He was born in 1929 in Mandi Bahauddin and became President of Pakistan from 1 January 1998 till 20 June 2001. And died in 2022 in Lahore.|
|10.||General Pervez Musharraf||20-06-2001||18-08-2008||He was born in 1943 in Delhi and became President of Pakistan two times. Once on 20 June 2001 till 6 October 2007. Then again, from 6 October 2007 till 18 August 2008 through Muslim League (Q).|
|11.||Asif Ali Zardari||09-09-2008||08-09-2013||He was born in 1955 in Karachi and became President of Pakistan on 9 September 2008 till 9 September 2013 and was the first ever President to complete five years tenure in the history of Pakistan through Pakistan Peoples Party.|
|12.||Syed Mamnoon Hussain||09-09-2013||08-09-2018||Mamnoon Hussain was born in 1940 in Agra and became President of Pakistan on 9 September 2013 till 9 September 2018 on behalf of the Pakistan Muslim League (N) and died in 2021 in Karachi.|
|13.||Doctor Arif Alvi||09-09-2018||Present||He was born in 1949 in Karachi. And became President of Pakistan on 9 September 2018, now on behalf of Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf. He is the current President of Pakistan.|