Technology

E-waste poses serious health threat to Pakistan, says UN study

E-waste Pakistan

Pakistan has been included in those 15 countries’ list where electronic-waste (e-waste) dismantling and recycling is considered a major health hazard. 

On Tuesday, UN released report on e-waste titled ‘Children and Digital Dumpsites’. The report, released simultaneously in New York and Geneva by the World Health Organization (WHO), is being called a landmark study on the toxic threat.

However, India is among the 3 countries where the e-waste recycling is most prominent. Brazil and China are the other two. 

Read more: Pakistan will soon begin producing electricity from waste

All three major South Asian nations, India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, are among the worst affected by the e-waste. 

The UN study warns that the “health of children, adolescents and expectant mothers worldwide is at risk from the illegal processing of old electrical or electronic devices.”  

‘Pakistan produces 433 kilo tonnes of e-waste’

The report further said that Pakistan produced 433 kilo tonnes of e-waste in 2020. Meanwhile, India is one of the top three digital recyclers which produced 3,230 kilo tonnes of e-waste. But India does have a national e-waste regulation policy, while Pakistan is still working on it. 

Karachi is the major location for e-waste recycling and dismantling in the country. In 2014, an estimated 12.46 kilo tonnes of old computers were imported into Karachi from various countries. 

Furthermore, numerous areas in Lahore are known to be involved in e-waste recycling. E-waste is often pull apart and recycled inside rooms, with little ventilation. Faisalabad, Gujranwala and Peshawar are involved in e-waste recycling, dismantling and refurbishment. 

The report, however, noted that “very little is known about e-waste recycling in these areas.” It is assumed to be on a smaller scale than that in Karachi. 

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