A great number of deaths in Pakistan occur due to different cancers. Unfortunately, the treatment of cancer in the country is too expensive that a common man cannot afford. Some common types of cancers prevailing in Pakistan are:
Many types of leukemia exist but some forms of leukemia are more common in children and other forms in adults. This cancer is involved with white blood cells. White blood cells are the fighters of infections and they grow in a normal way that the body needs. When white blood cells are abnormally produced by bone marrow then leukemia cancer starts in the body. Its treatment depends on the type of leukemia. The leukemic person starts losing weight, bleeding from the nose, severe infections, feels bone pain, tiny red spots occur on the skin and liver enlarges. Hundreds of people die every year due to this killing disease.
Breast cancer in Pakistan is one of the most wide-spread cancer types. Millions of people are the victim of this deadly disease and women are more in number. Breast cancer forms in the cells of the breast. A person feels the skin changing and the thickness that forms in the tissues. Moreover, redness occurs that is a clear sign of cancer that requires seeing a doctor.
Bladder cancer is another common disease that is usually ignored to be discussed out of shame. It occurs more in men than women and older adults get more affected. It starts from the Urothelial cell that is inside the bladder. This same type of cancer can cause in urinary tract too. People with bladder cancer need to follow-up tests for some years even after treatment. Such people might get severe backbone pain or painful urination and blood in the urine.
Lung cancer is an extremely painful disease. This cancer among different types of cancers is found both in men and women. Smokers have more chances to develop this cancer. The risk increases with the increase of time and years of smoking. It starts with a simple cough the takes the face of coughing with bleeding in it. Bones start to pain and shortness of breath happens. Headache and weight loss are part of it.
Thyroid cancer occurs in cells present in the thyroid. The thyroid produces hormones that help in regulating heart rate, body temperature, weight, and blood pressure. It does not appear at the start but swelling and neck pain start increasing. Some types of thyroid cancer slowly grow and some appear quickly. But most of the cases can be treated easily. When the voice starts changing and the person has to face difficulty in swallowing.
Kidney cancer starts in kidneys. Renal cell carcinoma is common kidney cancer but young kids below the age of 18 develop Wilms tumor more. When a person starts losing appetite and weight, Moreover, pain in the backside that gets severe and does not end, frequent fever and blood in the urine starts are the ultimate signs of cancer. Obesity and blood pressure are the main causes of this cancer.
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