Role Of Construction Industry In Economic Development And Job Creation  

Role Of Construction In Economic Development And Job Creation  

The Construction Industry’s Importance 

The construction industry contributes significantly to the country’s economy. Construction is an important industry that contributes significantly to a country’s economic growth. The construction industry established the physical and technological foundations for modern civilization. It also generates investment opportunities in a variety of related sectors, which is critical to achieving national socioeconomic goals. 

Human Development Influence 

The most pervasive factor in our lives is construction. There is no aspect of human life and civilization where the construction does not have a profound impact, spanning not only physical spaces but also hearts by bringing people together in their social, cultural, political, recreational, and economic endeavours. 

It encompasses a wide range of human activities, from huts to skyscrapers, cart routes to super-express highways, culverts to multi-span multilane flyovers, village shops to large industrial complexes, refineries, and fertilizer plants, observation posts in the high Himalayas to offshore drilling platforms in deep seas. 

The Economic Effect 

Construction, an industry present in every developmental activity, is one major sector of the economy that is receiving increasing attention as a possible area for the development of better institutional structures in emerging nations. Construction contributes to economic development by achieving some of the basic development goals, such as output generation, job creation, income generation, and re-distribution. It also plays an important role in meeting basic physical and social needs, such as the production of housing, infrastructure, and consumer goods. 

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Economic growth is a major goal of development. During the early stages of development, economic growth appears to be generally high, and construction, along with manufacturing, appears to play an increasingly important role in the economy while agriculture’s importance declines; however, once a relatively high level of development is achieved, economic growth appears to slow, and construction’s role appears to stabilize or even slightly decline while the other sectors continue as before. The construction industry is an investment-driven sector in which the government has a strong interest. 

While construction makes significant direct contributions to development, it also stimulates significant economic growth through backward and forward linkages. Construction necessitates a large number of goods and services from other industries; thus, the development of the construction industry stimulates these ancillary industries, thereby encouraging further economic growth. Construction of physical facilities accounts for more than half of gross domestic investment in developing countries, with a focus on basic infrastructure in agriculture, mining, transportation, communication, and utilities. Infrastructure services contribute to GDP in some ways, but they also stimulate the development of other industries, which contribute more directly to economic growth. 

As a basic infrastructure facility, construction is critical to the growth of the economy. Monitoring new home construction starts as an indicator of consumer confidence is a common way to gauge the health of the economy. An increase in construction activity will boost GDP and have a positive impact on employment and public income. 

Any budgetary constraint on construction will reduce construction activity and, after a time lag, result in lower GDP and slower economic growth. Any change in the level of construction output will have a significant corresponding effect on the overall economy of the country. 

Construction is a leading industry in all market economies around the world. It is the first indicator of the economy’s health. Its acceleration kicks off a wave of economic growth, and vice versa. Korea, Taiwan, and Hong Kong have used the construction industry to propel their economies forward. Malaysia and China are following the same strategy, rebuilding their cities and highways, among other things, in order to become major players in the global economy. According to the United States Census Bureau, construction spending in 2014 totaled more than $993 billion. 

Construction is now a leading industry in all market economies around the world. The construction industry generates more than 10% of global GDP (6-9% in developed countries) and employs approximately 7% of the global workforce (around 273 million people). In 2017, the global construction industry’s output was estimated to be worth $10.8 trillion. 

Job creation 

Construction contributes significantly to job creation by employing a diverse range of workers, including skilled and unskilled labourers, engineers, architects, project managers, and administrative personnel. Here are some ways that construction helps to create jobs: 

Construction projects necessitate a large workforce, which includes masons, carpenters, electricians, plumbers, and other tradespeople. These workers are directly employed by construction companies or contractors, and their jobs are contingent on the volume of construction work that is being completed. 

Construction projects also generate indirect job opportunities in industries such as manufacturing, transportation, and retail. For example, the manufacturing of construction materials such as steel, cement, and bricks creates jobs in manufacturing plants, while the transportation of these materials creates jobs in logistics and transportation. 

Construction offers opportunities for self-employment, particularly for small businesses and contractors. These people may offer specialized services such as roofing, painting, or landscaping on a project-by-project basis. 

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Construction also offers opportunities for training and skill development, particularly for young workers or those transitioning from other industries. Construction jobs frequently necessitate specific skills and certifications, and companies may offer training programmes to assist workers in developing these skills. 

Overall, the construction industry contributes significantly to job creation by employing a diverse range of workers and stimulating economic growth. 

The Construction Industry’s Role in Economic Recovery 

1. Investing in and securing maintenance projects 

It is extremely beneficial for the government to prioritise maintenance projects and backlogs. This is because construction companies can take advantage of movement restrictions to complete repairs quickly and easily. 

Maintenance projects are preferable because, when approval is required, they are approved more quickly than construction projects. This allows for faster funding acquisition and accelerates the reward to local communities and businesses. 

These types of projects benefit small and medium-sized construction firms because the government frequently hires international contractors for larger-scale projects. 

2. Use of labor-intensive construction methods 

One of the most serious issues in a failing economy is an increase in unemployment and the resulting poverty. In today’s industrial age, many businesses are embracing technology such as project cost management software and the associated ease of production. Construction, on the other hand, is one of the few industries where everything can still be put together by hand. 

Over 50% of available labour requirements for large projects in the construction industry are relegated to technology. Construction companies should use labor-intensive methods of building or repairing in areas with low wages or a high rate of unemployment. 

3. Scale Balancing During Large Projects 

Construction projects generate a sizable amount of economic ‘ripple effects.’ It is beneficial to keep local businesses and workforces engaged when working on large construction projects. This is made easier by balancing large projects with smaller investments. Hiring local workers to join the labour team and obtaining raw materials from local sources are two ways a construction project can have a direct impact on local businesses. This means more money for the businesses that employ people to pass on to others in the community. 

Long-term construction workers frequently require various amenities such as food, temporary housing, and laundry services. Local businesses, such as restaurants, coffee shops, lodges, and gas stations, can meet these needs. Construction projects would thus indirectly contribute to the community’s economic recovery. 

4. Green Infrastructure Promotion 

Green infrastructure investments will be critical to achieving economic recovery post-COVID-19. 

The significance of environmentally friendly communities and lifestyles cannot be overstated. By embracing green infrastructure, construction firms can help a struggling economy recover. One method is to use renewable energy sources such as solar panels in homes and commercial buildings. To be successful, national eco-friendly projects must be implemented, influencing the transportation sector to adopt electrified systems of transportation and promoting ecosystem restoration. 

Connection to Other Industries 

Much of the construction inputs are in the form of raw, semi-processed, and processed material, such as aggregate, bricks, cement, steel, and so on, which are supplied by labor-intensive domestic vendors and basic industries. From a forward linkage standpoint, the construction industry has an impact on nearly every sector of the economy. These connections and high-value additions to output demonstrate that construction provides a significant growth stimulus to all sectors of the economy. 

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Prior to COVID-19, many construction professionals worked on short-term contracts based on available projects. As a result, when the pandemic began, some of them lost their sources of income with no compensation. Small businesses that rely on the construction industry face insolvency if things do not return to normalcy soon. 

Construction has historically been a significant contributor to economic growth. Following WWII, construction aided the recovery of the United States economy by providing affordable housing for families and individuals who fled cities to settle in new suburbs. Soon after, the new communities attracted businesses that required the construction of commercial structures such as shopping centres, garages, car parks, and cinemas, among others. The creation of new areas 

Following the pandemic, the industry is guaranteed to lead an economic recovery if the government, construction contractors, and businesses all play their respective roles. 

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