More than half of Pakistanis are suffering from high blood pressure. It is considered the first stage of many diseases. The comorbidity of high blood pressure or hypertension with other diseases like diabetes mellitus, obesity, hyperlipidemia, and metabolic syndrome is very common in patients that lead to heart failure. Its major causes are stress, tension and, depression.
Pakistan being the under-developed country has no proper health management for its people. People are dying due to many different diseases daily in the country and no one is there to ask. Depression and stress are the root cause of all diseases and unfortunately, both are wide-spread in the country. Stress, anxiety, and tension are common and they are the reasons behind the emergence of too many high blood pressure cases in Pakistan.
The major risk factor of hypertension is coronary diseases, heart failure, chronic renal failure and, cerebrovascular disease. It is also considered that non-communicable diseases are the silent killer and high blood pressure is one of the most common non-communicable diseases. The prevalence of high blood pressure is increasing rapidly. According to the survey, 20 percent of adults and 35 percent of 45 and above years old adults have developed hypertension in Pakistan.
Hypertension does not only occur due to stress or depression rather high consumption of refined salt, fast food, high cholesterol food, and refined oil are other major causes. People with high blood pressure are observed to have mood swings and most of the time, they get irritated with small things. A person with blood pressure easily loses control and it becomes hard to control the emotions and the person may unintentionally start shouting and get aggressive over small things.
People who are tensed for a long time develop chronic depression that later develops hypertension. Hypertension is also directly linked with the consumption of too much salt, spices, and oil that leads to its development along with the development of diabetes and other weight problems.
Poor people of Pakistan are suffering in many ways and avoiding buying medicines is one of them. Poor people do not take anti-hypertension medicine as they cannot afford it. According to the survey, 80 percent of people are not taking anti-hypertension drugs that are leading them to develop more diseases besides high blood pressure.
People who use anti-hypertension medicine then use it all the time because hypertension can not be cured and it can only be controlled.
High blood pressure has a major contribution to heart diseases. Heart disease is the leading cause of death in Pakistan and hypertension has a major role in it. ultimately, non-communicable diseases occur in the body that is diagnosed when they cannot be cured without medication or therapies.
The healthcare authorities and department need to establish proper treatment for hypertensive patients and the awareness should be spread to highlight the negative effects of stress and depression and to lessen the use of oil and salt in our everyday food.
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