Government of Pakistan

The Government of Pakistan abbreviated as GoP, is a federal government established by the Constitution of Pakistan as a constituted governing authority of the four provinces two autonomous territories and one federal territory of a parliamentary democratic republic, constitutionally called the Islamic Republic of Pakistan.

Effecting the Westminster system for governing the state, the government is mainly composed of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches, in which all powers are vested by the Constitution in the Parliament, the Prime Minister and the Supreme Court. The powers and duties of these branches are further defined by acts and amendments of the Parliament, including the creation of executive institutions, departments and courts inferior to the Supreme Court.By constitutional powers, the President promulgates ordinances and passes bills.

The President acts as the ceremonial figurehead while the people-elected Prime Minister acts as the chief executive (of the executive branch) and is responsible for running the federal government. There is a bicameral Parliament with the National Assembly as a lower house and the Senate as an upper house. The most influential officials in the Government of Pakistan are considered to be the federal secretaries, who are the highest ranking bureaucrats in the country and run cabinet-level ministries and divisions. The judicial branch systematically contains an apex Supreme Court, Federal Shariat Court, high courts of five provinces, district, anti-terrorism, and the green courts; all inferior to the Supreme Court.

The full name of the country is the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. No other name appears in the Constitution, and this is the name that appears on money, in treaties, and in legal cases. The “Pakistan Government” or “Government of Pakistan” are often used in official documents representing the federal government collectively. Also, the terms “Federal” and “National” in government institutions or program names generally indicate affiliation with the federal government. As the seat of government is in Islamabad, “Islamabad” is commonly used as a metonym for the federal government.

Government of Pakistan

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TypeFederal government
FormationAugust 14, 1947; 73 years ago
Formation documentConstitution of Pakistan
CountryIslamic Republic of Pakistan
Seat of governmentIslamabad
Working languageEnglish, Urdu
Website Pakistan

Government of Pakistan( Legislature )

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LegislatureParliament
Upper house Senate
Chairman of the Senate Sadiq Sanjrani
Lower house National Assembly
Speaker of the National Assembly Asad Qaiser
Meeting placeParliament House

Government of Pakistan( Executive )

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Head of statePresident (Arif Alvi)
Head of governmentPrime Minister (Imran Khan)
Main organCabinet
Meeting placeCabinet secretariat
Ministries30 (25 Federal Ministers, 5 Ministers of state and 5 advisors)
Responsible toNational Assembly

Government of Pakistan( Judiciary )

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Court Supreme Court of Pakistan
Chief judgeChief Justice
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